How Muslims Were Victorious

Abu Ishaq Al-Fazari (d. 777 CE) describes well in the following narration:

The enemy was never able to stand up to the Companions of Allah’s Messenger , so when the news of the defeat of the Romans came to Heraclius at Antioch he asked [his people], “Woe to you, tell me about these people who fight you, are they not humans like you?

They replied, “Indeed, they are.

He asked, “So are you more in number or them?

They replied, “We outnumber them greatly in all places.

He said, “So how is it that you are defeated whenever you meet them [in battle].

A senior and esteemed elder amongst them replied, “Because they stand in prayer at night, fast during the day, fulfill their agreements and promises, enjoin what is right and forbid what is evil, they are fair and just amongst themselves; and because we drink wine, fornicate, commit sin, break our agreements, steal, oppress and do injustice, enjoin the committing of what angers Allah and forbid what pleases Allah the Mighty and Majestic, and we cause evil and corruption in the land.

Heraclius said, “You are the one who has told me the truth.

[Source: Ibn Kathir, Al-Bidayah Wan-Nihayah, vol. 8, p. 5, Quoted from Sayings of the Salaf]

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