When the Blessed Prophet ﷺ migrated to Madinah, he stayed in Quba‘ [in the outskirts of Madinah] for approximately fourteen days. When he continued his journey from Quba to Madinah, he led Friday prayers in the tribe of Banu Salama ibn Auf. This was his first Jummah. His first Friday khutbah as narrated by Qurtubi was as follows:
All praise is due to Allah: I praise Him, ask only Him for help, and ask Him alone for guidance and His mercy. I have faith in Him only. Do not disbelieve in Him, despise those who deny Him, and I bear witness that there is no lord but Allah. He is alone; He has no equal and I bear witness that Muhammad ﷺ is His servant and His prophet whom Allah sent for guidance, the true way, light, sincere advice and wisdom at a time when the delegation of prophets to this world had ceased, knowledge was meager, the majority had deviated from the straight path, time was at its end, the Day of Judgment was near and the world had fulfilled its time-frame.
Those who follow Allah or and His Blessed Prophet ﷺ have found the true path, and those who disobey Allah and His Blessed Prophet ﷺ have strayed and trespassed the boundaries [set by Allah and His Blessed Prophet ﷺ] and have fallen in the abyss of deviation. I advise you to hold onto taqwa, and the best advice a Muslim can give another is that he encourage him towards the Hereafter and ask him to hold tight to the taqwa of Allah; and fear Allah the way He demands that you fear Him, because the best way to attain the things you desire in the Hereafter is to fear Him.
And whosoever perfects his relationship with Allah in his public and private life, and does so only to please Allah, will be remembered and honored in this world. It will help him after death, on the day when he will be most in need of the good deeds he sent before him and on the day when he will wish his bad deeds were as far as could be from him. Allah tells you to fear Him and He is merciful upon His servants. He is the Creator who spoke the truth and fulfilled His promise, which cannot be broken. Verily, Allah says, “Nothing can be changed before Me and I am not unjust upon mankind.”
Ruh al-Ma’ani, 14/101 | Tafsir al-Qurtubi, 18/98; quoted in Essentials of Jumu’a
Ibn Qayyim’s Version from the Seerah of Ibn Ishaq
The following is mentioned in Ibn Al-Qayyim’s famous book Zad Al-Ma’ad (Provisions of the hereafter).
Ibn Ishaq reported […]: “After the Messenger of Allah ﷺ arrived in Al-Madinah and he stayed In Quba’ on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday and he built their mosque, then he left on Friday and time for Friday prayer overtook him in the land of Banu Salim Ibn ‘Awf, and so he prayed it In the mosque which was in the middle of the valley before the building of his mosque.
Ibn Ishaq said: “It was the first sermon which he delivered; according to Abu Salamah Ibn ‘Abdur-Rahman – and we seek refuge with Allah from attributing to him anything which he did not say – he stood up among them and praised Allah and extolled Him, then he said:
As for what follows, oh, you people! Send forth for yourselves (good deeds); you know for sure, by Allah, that a person among you will be struck down unconscious and he will leave his sheep without a shepherd, then his Lord will surely say to him – and there will be neither intermediary nor screen between them: “Did not My Messenger come to you and communicate (the Message), and did I not give you wealth and favor you? And what did you send forth for yourself?”
And verily, he will look right and left, but he will see nothing; then he will look in front of him and he will see naught but the Hell-fire. So whoever is able to shield his face from the Fire, even if it be only by giving a piece of a date in charity, let him do so; and whoever was unable to do so, let him (shield it) by saying a good word, for the reward of a good deed is multiplied by ten times seven hundred times. And may the Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you.”
Ibn Ishaq said: “Then the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, delivered a second sermon, saying:
All praise and thanks be to Allah, I praise Him and I seek His Aid. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil of ourselves and from the wickedness of our deeds. Whomsoever Allah guides, there is none can misguide him and whomsoever Allah sends astray, there is none can guide him. And I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, Alone, without partners
The best of speech is the Book of Allah. He whose heart has been beautified with it by Allah and whom He has admitted to the fold of Islam after he had disbelieved will be successful, for he has chosen it (Allah’s Speech) over that of all of mankind. Truly, it is the best of speech and the most eloquent.
Love what Allah loves; love Allah with all of your hearts. Do not become tired of Allah’s Speech, nor of mentioning His Name and do not make your hearts hard towards it. Hence, amongst everything that Allah creates He chooses [something]; Allah would call it: His Kheerah (best) in terms of deeds; His favorite ones amongst the servants; that which is good and useful in terms of speech.
So worship Allah and do not associate anything with Him and fear Him as He should be feared and be sincere to Allah in the righteous words which pass your lips and love one another with Allah’s Spirit between you. Verily, Allah hates that His Covenant should be broken. And may the Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you.
(Source: ‘Zad Al-Ma’ad’. Mentioned by Ibn Hisham in ‘As-Seerah An-Nabawiyyah’ from Ibn Ishaq, but without any chain of narrators. See ‘Zad Al-Ma’ad’ vol. 1, page 374 published by Maktabah Al-Manar Al-Islamiyyah/ quoted by IqraSense)