Conditions of I’tikaf

Question: What are the conditions of I’tikaf, and is fasting one of them? Is it permissible for the person in I’tikaf to visit a sick person, answer an invitation, fulfill some of his family’s needs, or go to work?

 

A: I’tikaf is prescribed in a mosque in which the congregational prayer is established.

If the person in I’tikaf is from those upon whom Friday prayers are obligatory and the length of his I’tikaf includes a Friday, then it is better to be in a mosque in which Friday prayers are established.

Fasting is not (a) necessary (part of it). The sunnah is that one does NOT:

  • Visit the sick during his I’tikaf
  • Accept invitations
  • Fulfill the needs of his family
  • Witness the funeral (by following it) and
  • Go to work outside the mosque.
  • Touch a woman (his wife), nor have intercourse with her
  • Leave to fulfill a need except what is necessary

This is due to what has been authenticated on the authority of ‘Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) that she said: “The sunnah for he who is in I’tikaf is that he does not visit the sick nor witness a funeral, nor touch a woman (his wife), nor have intercourse with her nor leave to fulfill a need except that which is necessary.

– The Permanent Committee for Islamic Research and Fatawa, Fatawa Ramadan – Volume 2, Page 862, Fatwa No.848  


Share for the sake of Allah!

Our non-profit magazine [PDF]

Download the latest issue for free


Send me the newsletter!

You'll love our posts In-sha Allah. Check your email to 'Confirm' subscription

Popular Articles

Birds tawakkul
Aqeedah

In Allah We Trust: What Tawakkul Really Means

Mar 13, 2015 Amena Tanveer
"At-Tawakkul ‘ala Allah" is the Islamic concept of complete reliance on Allah or…
muslim couple
Family

'My Husband is Not Religious'

Feb 25, 2016 Salmah Shahnawaz
IF you were brought up with a religious background – where it was normal for you to wear…
karbala
History

What really happened: Martyrdom of Hussain, Karbala & the Shia

Oct 25, 2015 Zara Andleeb
"I know even if I were to place myself before your riding camel to stop you, you will…
why-convert-to-islam
Dawah

106 Reasons: 'Why I Converted to Islam'

Jan 31, 2015 Editors
Dubai's Islamic affairs department recently published a book in which over a 100 people…